TAKING NECESSARY ACTION ON OBESITY
Over two billion people – approximately 30% of the world’s population – are overweight or obese. In 2015, 4 million deaths resulted from being overweight or obese, which places individuals at a greater risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Today, more people die from overnutrition than from undernutrition.
Obesity is no longer a problem exclusive to high-income countries – over 60% of all obese individuals live in low- and middle-income countries. Unless obesity is urgently addressed, it will increase premature mortality and undermine economic development.
The good news is that the problem is preventable. We are supporting the enactment and evaluation of policy efforts that aim to reduce and prevent obesity in cities and countries around the world.
Building on our extensive experience in tobacco control, Bloomberg Philanthropies is playing a similar role by supporting governments and non-government organizations to put in place policies that reduce consumer demand for unhealthy foods and beverages, improve the food environment, and make healthier choices easier for everyone. Based on the best-available evidence, policies that could have the most impact include:
- Raising taxes on sugary beverages and junk food
- Limiting children’s and adolescents’ exposure to unhealthy food and beverage marketing through comprehensive marketing bans
- Promoting healthy food policies for the public sector, especially schools
- Introducing understandable and informative front-of-package nutrition labels
- Developing obesity prevention advertising campaigns
Bloomberg Philanthropies identifies governments and top research and advocacy organizations that have a demonstrated commitment to improving the food environment and augments their efforts through the provision of resources and technical assistance. Our locations of focus are Brazil, the Caribbean (Jamaica & Barbados), Colombia, Mexico, South Africa, and the United States. All of these countries have high rates of overweight and obese populations, and all are taking action.
Our program also invests in rigorous evaluation of these policies once implemented. Ultimately, effective policies can be replicated in cities, states, and countries around the world.
In addition to these countries, we support the evaluation of other promising policies in low- and middle-income countries around the world. For example, researchers are examining the impact of Chile’s 5% sugary beverages tax, as well as regulations on front-of-package warning labels and the country’s innovative marketing controls on household food purchases, dietary intake, and the rates of overweight or obese individuals.